Native Trees and Shrubs of Marlborough

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Marlborough's diverse geography and climate supports a variety of native trees and shrubs, some found only within the region, while there are also local examples of many species found throughout New Zealand


Indigenous beech forests are a unique part of the New Zealand landscape. Significant parts of Marlborough retain their original forest cover.

Broadleaf / Kapuka (Griselinia littoralis)

Broadleaf or Kapuaka (Griselinia littoralis) is a common native tree found throughout New Zealand, with oval leathery leaves.

Cabbage Tree

The ubiquitous cabbage tree is found throughout NZ. In Marlborough, it is particularly common in many of the drier parts of the region.

Fivefinger, Whauwhaupaku (Pseudopanax arboreus)

Fivefinger, Whauwhaupaku (Pseudopanax arboreus) is a common small tree endemic to New Zealand, identifiable by its distinctive leaves and seeds.


Kahikatea or white pine is a member of the Podocarp family and New Zealand's tallest tree. It was once widespread throughout lowland Marlborough.

Kanono (Coprosma grandifolia)

Kanono (Coprosma grandifolia) is the largest leaved species of Coprosma, a genus of shrubs and small trees endemic to New Zealand.


Kānuka is a common tree endemic to New Zealand, tolerant of a wide range of conditions and found throughout the country.

Karaka (Corynocarpus laevigatus)

Karaka is a small tree found in coastal forests in frost free areas throughout New Zealand, distinctive for its large glossy waxy leaves and orange berries.

Karamū (Coprosma robusta)

Karamū (Coprosma robusta) is a fast growing shrub to small tree with large, shiny leaves, and small, bright orange berries.

Kawakawa (Piper excelsum)

Kawakawa (Piper excelsum) is a New Zealand endemic shrub or small tree found particularly in coastal areas.

Koromiko (Hebe salicifolia)

Koromiko is a common native shrub growing to 2-3m found throughout the South Island. It is an important plant in Māori medicine.

Matagouri (Discaria toumatou)

Matagouri (Discaria toumatou) is New Zealand's only endemic plant with thorns, common in tussock grasslands of the South Island, particularly east of the Main Divide.

Nikau Palm

The Nīkau Palm (Phopalostylis sapida) is the world's southernmost, and New Zealand's only palm species, and can be found in parts of the Marlborough Sounds

Pink Broom

Carmichaelia carmichaeliae is one of several indigenous broom species found naturally only in Marlborough.


Poroporo is a native shrub in the Solanaceae (nightshade) family, found throughout New Zealand

Tanekaha/Celery Pine(Phyllocladus trichomanoides)

Tanekaha/Celery Pine(Phyllocladus trichomanoides) is a member of the Podocarp family found throughout the North Island to the north of the South Island of New Zealand.

Tauhinu (Ozothamnus leptophyllus)

Tauhinu (Ozothamnus leptophyllus)

Tauhinu (Ozothamnus leptophyllus) is a common New Zealand native shrub with small silvery grey leaves, common in sunny and dry habitats.


A rare Hebe species found in the Marlborough region

Weeping Broom

Chordospartium stevensonii is an endemic tree broom with pink flowers, found naturally only in eastern Marlborough, but popular as a garden plant internationally.