Plant Species found in Marlborough

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Marlborough's vegetation is quite diverse due to the range of different climatic and soil conditions in the region, and due to human interaction with the environment.

The Richmond Range and parts of the upper Wairau support a significant amount of native beech forest, while undisturbed or revegetated parts of the Marlborough Sounds are covered in temperate coastal rainforest, with tree ferns common.

In the drier south east, there are coastal regions with tussock dunes, and the rock daisy Pachystegia insignis is found throughout Marlborough in some of the more inaccessible locations, often found growing out of apparently sheer rock faces.

Unfortunately a number of invasive plant species have also made Marlborough home, with Old Man's Beard, Budlleia, and Banana Passionfruit just some of the significant problem species.


Over spring and summer, Marlborough roadsides, parks, and reserves become a mass of colour with wildflowers, many of them species escaped from gardens.


Indigenous beech forests are a unique part of the New Zealand landscape. Significant parts of Marlborough retain their original forest cover.

Broadleaf / Kapuka (Griselinia littoralis)

Broadleaf or Kapuaka (Griselinia littoralis) is a common native tree found throughout New Zealand, with oval leathery leaves.

Cabbage Tree

The ubiquitous cabbage tree is found throughout NZ. In Marlborough, it is particularly common in many of the drier parts of the region.

Calystegia soldanella

Calystegia soldanella (shore Convulvulus, nihinihi) is an indigenous flowering plant found throughout New Zealand in sandy soil along shorelines.

Common Sun Orchid

An endemic NZ orchid widely distributed throughout New Zealand, common in scrubland.


Ferns are a kind of vascular plant that reproduce via spores rather than seeds.

Fivefinger, Whauwhaupaku (Pseudopanax arboreus)

Fivefinger, Whauwhaupaku (Pseudopanax arboreus) is a common small tree endemic to New Zealand, identifiable by its distinctive leaves and seeds.

Gentianella corymbifera

Gentianella corymbifera or grassland gentian is a native flowering plant found in alpine grasslands east of the Main Divide.


Kahikatea or white pine is a member of the Podocarp family and New Zealand's tallest tree. It was once widespread throughout lowland Marlborough.

Kakaha, Bush Lily (Astelia fragrans)

Kakaha or Bush Lily is New Zealand's most common species of Astelia, found throughout the country on the forest floor amongst native bush.

Kanono (Coprosma grandifolia)

Kanono (Coprosma grandifolia) is the largest leaved species of Coprosma, a genus of shrubs and small trees endemic to New Zealand.


Kānuka is a common tree endemic to New Zealand, tolerant of a wide range of conditions and found throughout the country.

Karamū (Coprosma robusta)

Karamū (Coprosma robusta) is a fast growing shrub to small tree with large, shiny leaves, and small, bright orange berries.

Kawakawa (Piper excelsum)

Kawakawa (Piper excelsum) is a New Zealand endemic shrub or small tree found particularly in coastal areas.

Koromiko (Hebe salicifolia)

Koromiko is a common native shrub growing to 2-3m found throughout the South Island. It is an important plant in Māori medicine.

Leptinella atrata subsp. luteola

Leptinella atrata subsp. luteola is a New Zealand endemic alpine daisy found in a restricted range from eastern Marlborough to North Canterbury.

Matagouri (Discaria toumatou)

Matagouri (Discaria toumatou) is New Zealand's only endemic plant with thorns, common in tussock grasslands of the South Island, particularly east of the Main Divide.

Mountain violet (Viola cunninghamii)

New Zealand has several plant species in the violet family including the Mountain violet (Viola cunninghamii)

Myosotis sp.

Nearly half of the roughly 100 species of Myosotis or Forget-me-not are found only in New Zealand, including in parts of Marlborough.

Nikau Palm

The Nikau Palm (Phopalostylis sapida) is the world's southernmost Palm species.


Patotara is a small shrub endemic to New Zealand, found throughout the country from coastal to alpine regions.

Pink Broom

Carmichaelia carmichaeliae is one of several indigenous broom species found naturally only in Marlborough.


Poroporo is a native shrub in the Solanaceae (nightshade) family, found throughout New Zealand

Raupō (Typha orientalis)

Raupō is a distinctive wetland plant native to New Zealand, but also found in Asia.

Marlborough Rock Daisy

Marlborough's iconic daisy is a tenacious shrubby plant with magnificent daisy flowers, often found clinging to sheer rock faces throughout Marlborough.

Salicornia quinqueflora

Salicornia quinqueflora is a low growing succulent found in coastal regions, particularly salt marshes around New Zealand.

Tanekaha/Celery Pine(Phyllocladus trichomanoides)

Tanekaha/Celery Pine(Phyllocladus trichomanoides) is a member of the Podocarp family found throughout the North Island to the north of the South Island of New Zealand.

Tauhinu (Ozothamnus leptophyllus)

Tauhinu (Ozothamnus leptophyllus) is a common New Zealand native shrub with small silvery grey leaves, common in sunny and dry habitats.


A rare Hebe species found in the Marlborough region

Turutu (Dianella nigra)

Turutu (Dianella nigra) is a New Zealand endemic plant found in a variety of habitats with distinctive bluish purple poisonous berries.

Wahlenbergia violacea

Wahlenbergia violacea or violet harebell is an indigenous flowering plant found throughout New Zealand, typically on clay soil.

Weeping Broom

Chordospartium stevensonii is an endemic tree broom with pink flowers, found naturally only in eastern Marlborough, but popular as a garden plant internationally.

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