Kānuka (Kunzea ericoides)
Last Modified: 28-2-2021 18:03
Kānuka (Kunzea ericoides) is a common tree endemic to New Zealand, tolerant of a wide range of conditions and found throughout the country. In Marlborough, Kānuka can be found from the Marlborough Sounds south, in areas where it does not have to compete with other larger tree species. It is one of the few native trees found growing naturally, close to Blenheim, with a small remnant within the Wither Hills Farm Park.
Kānuka and Mānuka appear somewhat similar, however Mānuka tends to be a smaller shrub, whereas kānuka grows to a reasonably tall tree, and kānuka has smaller flowers and seed capsules. Flowering tends to be from December. Kānuka tends to shed its bark in long, thin strips. The wood is hard and dense, with a dark reddish brown colour.
Kānuka was used by Māori to produce tools and weapons, and was highly regarded by both Māori and Europeans as firewood. Kānuka can be used as a source of honey and essential oils.
This example was observed within the Wither Hills Farm Park. The photo provides detail of the flowers and leaves. Note how the stamens are longer than the petals. This is one of the distinguishing features between mānuka and kānuka.
Location: Latitude: -41.550877 Longitude: 173.966171
Image Date: 1/1/1970
Photographer: Christopher Cookson